Ready mix concrete

Ready Mix Concrete Articles - in Agenda Concrete Ghana

Ready-mix concrete

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Ready-mix concrete is concrete that is manufactured in a batch plant,

according to a set engineered mix design. Ready-mix concrete is normally delivered in two ways.

First is the barrel truck or in–transit mixers. This type of truck delivers concrete in a plastic state to the site.

Second is the volumetric concrete mixer. This delivers the ready mix in a dry state and then mixes the concrete on site.

Batch plants combine a precise amount of rock, sand, water and cement together by weight, allowing specialty concrete mixtures to be developed and implemented on construction sites. The first ready-mix factory was built in the 1930s, but the industry did not begin to expand significantly until the 1960s, and it has continued to grow since then.

Ready-mix concrete is often preferred over other materials due to the cost and wide range of uses, from bird baths to high rise buildings and bridges. It has a long life span when compared to other products of a similar use, like road ways. It has an average life span of 30 years under high traffic areas compared to the 10 to 12 year life of asphalt concrete with the same traffic.

Ready-mix concrete, or RMC as it's also known, refers to concrete that is specifically batched or manufactured for customers' construction projects. It is a mixture of Portland cement, water and aggregates: sand, gravel, or crushed stone. All aggregates should be of a washed type material with limited amounts of fines or dirt and clay. Ready-mix concrete is bought and sold by volume - usually expressed in cubic meters (cubic yards in the US).

Ready-mix concrete is batched or manufactured under controlled conditions. It can be transported and placed at site using a number of methods. In 2011, there were 2,223 companies employing 72,924 workers that produced RMC in the United States.

Advantages and disadvantages of ready-mix concrete


  • Materials are combined using a batch plant, and the hydration process begins at the moment water meets the Portland cement, so the travel time from the plant to the site is critical over longer distances. Some sites are just too far away; however, the use of admixtures, retarders and fly ash can be added to slow the hydration process, allowing for longer transit time.
  • Cracking and shrinkage. Concrete shrinks as it cures. It can shrink 1/16 inch (1.59mm) over a 10 foot long area (3.05 meters). This causes stress internally on the concrete and must be accounted for by the engineers and finishers placing the concrete.
  • Furthermore, access roads and site access have to be able to carry the greater weight of the ready-mix truck plus load. (Green concrete is approx. 3924 pounds per cubic yard.) This problem can be overcome by utilizing so-called "mini mix" trucks which use smaller 4m³ capacity mixers able to reach more weight restricted sites.
  • Concrete has a limited life span between batching / mixing and curing. This means that ready-mix should be placed within 30 to 45 minutes of batching process to hold slump and mix design specifications.[3] Modern admixtures and plasticizer and water reducers can modify that time span. However, it is limited in scope. The amount and type of admixture added to the mix is very important.

Metered concrete


 

Agenda Concrete (Ghana) Ltd, supplier of ready-mix concrete and Premix Concretes in Ghana. P. O. Box 1187 Accra-Central, New Takoradi GHACEM Road | Premix Concrete companies in Ghana | Concrete Industries Ghana | readymix concrete | Ready mix concrete

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